Saturday, December 6, 2008

Year 1904

January 10, 1904
Major J. S. Garwood, district Chief, seven officers and 173 enlisted men from the provinces of Abra, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur and Cagayan, take steps to quell the general insurrection being waged in the province of Isabela led by General Manuel Tomines and his aide, an American deserter named Maurice Sibley from the 16th Infantry, U.S. Volunteers. (Khaki[1], 36)

May 29, 1904
General Artemio Ricarte is arrested in a cockpit in Mariveles, Bataan after a certain Luis Baltazar, a clerk in the provincial government tipped off the American authorities. (Ricarte, IX)
[Ricarte was released after serving six years in a solitary cell in Bilibid prison. He refused to take the oath of allegiance to the United States, was exiled to Hongkong, then to Shanghai, and from there went to live in Yokohama, Japan. He came back along with the invading Japanese Imperial Army during World War II, exhorting Filipinos to fight with the Japanese against the Americans, but his call fell on deaf ears. He died on July 31, 1945 in the Sierra Madre mountains with Japanese troops while trying to elude American forces. He never gave up his fight against the Americans all through the end.]

March 27, 1904
General Manuel Tomines of Isabela is captured while making a visit to his brother's house in Naguilian, Benguet to get food and clothes. The capture is effected by Lieutenants McLean and Collins with Sub-Inspector Fernandez and two enlisted men. (Khaki[1], 38)

Summer, 1904
A petition is sent to the U.S. Presidential convention signed by prominent Americans which contained the following words: We ask that the inhabitants of the Philippine Islands be granted their national independence as soon as, with the countenance and aid, and under the protection of this Republic, they can install a free government of their own. This request is rejected by the Republicans but accepted by the Democrats and made a key item in their party's platform. (Willis, 25)

December ??, 1904
In the annual message to Congress, President Roosevelt, contrary to the action of his party at their convention, accepts the notion of ultimate home rule for the Philippines, but rejects the idea of a pledge to that effect as purely academic. (Willis, 25)

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